Sadesati of Shani
Saturn is one of the most important planets in the solar system. There are seven known planets in the solar system, i.e. Sun, Moon, Mars, Mercury, Jupiter, Venus, and Saturn. Saturn has a separate and special importance in astrology. It has its own personality. It is called Jauhal in Arabic, Ked wan in Persian and in Sanskrit it is called Shani or Shanishchar (slow mover).The Markendeya Puran states that Shani is the son of Sun and his wife Chaaya (shadow).
In Indian astrology, Shani is considered most dreaded planets because seven and half years called Sadesati in North India and ”Elinatishani" in South India, when Saturn supposedly creates havoc in a person’s life. Saturn takes two and half year in one sign, thus in the time of seven and half year it moves in three signs.
The Chandra kundali or lunar horoscope is primarily used to calculate the Sadesati. When Saturn is in the moon sign of person, those two and half years are the middle of Sadesati. For example if your moon sign is Libra, in this case Sadesati starts when Saturn enters in Virgo and it last till it moves out of Scorpio. Moon governs the mind for that reason when Saturn comes in the moon sign of a person; it strongly and adversely affects his moods, thoughts, and decision making capacity and resultantly makes his life difficult. But it is said that the ending of Sadesati brings purity of soul and good fortune in one’s life, as fire destroys all impurities and tarnish in the gold. On an average every person has to go through two Sadesati in his/her lifetime
There is a group of astrologers who consider this theory illogical According to them since only the Janma Lagna is considered reliable as far as the exact effects of all houses are concerned, it obviously has to be that which should be considered for SadeSati, and not the Chandra Kundali.
When Saturn comes in the 12th house from Lagna, Sade Sati starts. Therefore, in the first phase it remains in Kharch(Expenses) and Hani (Loss)Sthan for two and a half years. This means that the affected person experiences problems with regard to expenditure etc. One may suffer losses. In the next phase, it comes in Lagna Sthana, which is the house, which is concerned with our health, and therefore health problems are experienced. In the third and last phase, it comes in the second house from Lagna. For the last two and a half years of the Sadesati, problems relating money are experienced. However, if Saturn’s position in our horoscope is favorable, then the effect of the Sadesati is favorable, too. If Saturn is in Libra, Capricorn, or Aquarius, then this Sadesati is a good period.
Gochar Graha is considered to be only a secondary tool for prediction, since in case of a person under the effect of Yogkaark Mahadasha, and the Yogkarak planet being well-placed, no Sadesati is unfavorable.
Saturn is called hard task master in among nine planets. Even while giving some troubles and tensions, it does not deny one success. There are thousands of people who had spent very good time during Sadesati and progressed. Mrs.Indira Gandhi and Amitabh Bachchan are two examples of such people. Mrs. Gandhi became cabinet minister and prime minister during Sadesati. She regained power in 1979 during the mahadasha of Saturn. Unfortunately, people do not pay heed to these facts and consider Saturn and Sadesati something dreadful.
It is advisable to worship Hanumanji and recite Shanimantra during Sadesati and mahadasha of shani.